When a cat yawns and shows its teeth, that's very impressive. The cat's bite is that of a predator and carnivore - and you can see that. How exactly are the cat teeth arranged and what function do they fulfill?
Especially the long, pointed fangs in the cat's teeth fall into the eye. Sometimes they even appear when your cat keeps her mouth closed. During sleep or dozing, it can happen that the pointed cat teeth under the lips. What looks almost peaceful and cute at such moments is deceptive. The cat's teeth are designed primarily for killing and cutting prey. In addition, however, it also fulfills important tasks in the care of fur and claws.
Types and arrangement of cat teeth
In medicine, the dentition of humans and animals with a so-called tooth formula is described, which consists of numbers and letters. The letters are abbreviations of the Latin names for the different tooth types, the numbers describe their respective quantity on a half of a jaw. It is differentiated between "upper" for the upper jaw and "lower" for the lower jaw. Lowercase letters stand for the milk teeth, capital letters for the permanent dentition. The cat's bite consists of the following types of teeth:
- ● Back molars = Molars (m / M)
- ● Anterior molars, fangs = premolars (p / p)
- Canines, fangs = Caninus (c / C)
- ● incisors = incisivus (i / I)
The milk teeth dentition in cats consists of a total of 26 teeth and has the tooth formula:
- ● above 3i 1c 3p
- ● below 3i 1c 2p
The permanent cat's bite usually has 30 cat teeth. To the permanent teeth, which regrow for the failed milk teeth, additional molars are added. The dental formula for this is:
- ● above 3I 1C 3P 1M
- ● bottom 3I 1C 2P 1M
At first glance, it may seem that cats have several fangs, because the front molars are also slightly pointed. They are also referred to as fangs, as their sharp, sharp structure helps in the ripping of prey and pieces of meat.
Cat Bite is made for eating meat
The cat's bite, with its eye-catching fangs and fangs, is designed primarily to capture prey, perform the deadly neck bite, and cut the meat into pieces. These pieces swallow cats without further grinding them. Although the posterior molars can break up bone, they do not cause any grinding movements. Like a pink scissors, the catch, tear and molar teeth interlock and break up the food into small pieces. The incisors are very small and bite exactly like a pair of pliers. The cat teeth and the cat's teeth are optimally adapted to the diet of meat and fish - cats are carnivores.
In comparison, humans have very large incisors and small canines that are rightly not called fangs. The anterior and posterior molars have a large bearing surface but are not pointed. The human teeth are designed to bite off pieces of food and grind them. This works for meat and fish as well as fruits, vegetables and bread. It can be seen that humans, in contrast to pure carnivores cat so-called omnivores (omnivores) are.
Teeth of the cat as an important tool
However, cats do not only need their teeth when hunting to capture, kill and eat their prey. In addition, the cat's bit is indispensable for the body care. For example, the cat's teeth can remove fleas and other parasites from the fur and help remove dirt from the fur. In addition, the fur noses with their incisors can care for their skin and cut their claws. Have you ever seen a detached claw tip in one of the resting places of your velvet paw in your home? The incisors of the cat work much like a nail clippers for humans - the long nails or claws are easily separated with the cat's teeth.